EXTREME HEAT OFTEN RESULTS IN THE HIGHEST ANNUAL NUMBER OF DEATHS AMONG ALL WEATHER-RELATED DISASTERS.
In most of the U.S., extreme heat is a long period (2 to 3 days) of high heat and humidity with temperatures above 90 degrees.
IF YOU ARE UNDER AN EXTREME HEAT WARNING •Never leave a child, adult, or animal alone inside a vehicle on a warm day.
•Find places with air conditioning.
•Libraries, shopping malls, and community centers can provide a cool place to take a break from the heat.
•If you’re outside, find shade.
•Wear a hat wide enough to protect your face.
•Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.
•Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
•If you or someone you care for is on a special diet, ask a doctor what would be best.
•Do not use electric fans when the temperature outside is more than 95 degrees. You could increase the risk of heat-related illness. Fans create air flow and a false sense of comfort, but do not reduce body temperature.
•Avoid high-energy activities.
•Check yourself, family members, and neighbors for signs of heat related illness.
Know the signs and ways to treat heat-related illness.
• Signs: Muscle pains or spasms in the stomach, arms, or legs.
• Actions: Go to a cooler location. Remove excess clothing. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Get medical help if cramps last more than an hour.
• Signs: Heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and fainting.
• Actions: Go to an air-conditioned place and lie down. Loosen or remove clothing. Take a cool bath. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Get medical help if symptoms get worse or last more than an hour.
• Signs: Extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees) indicated by an oral thermometer; red, hot, and dry skin with no sweat; rapid, strong pulse; dizziness; confusion; and unconsciousness.
• Actions: Call 9-1-1 or get the person to a hospital immediately. Cool down with whatever methods are available until medical help arrives.
Find places in your community where you can go to get cool.
Try to keep your home cool